CROADA – our experience in fi ght against doping in sport

  • Damir Erceg
  • Ivan Fattorini
Keywords: doping, sport, ethics, WADA, CROADA


Athletes are often tempted to take prohibited agents with the aim of performance enhancing
because of diff erent pressures they face, including self-affi rmation, the infl uence of moneyand
glory-driven parents, coaches and community members. Th ese agents increase body mass
and power, relieve fatigue, mask other prohibited substances during testing, lead to faster
recovery and have many other adverse eff ects on health. Th e use of prohibited agents, commonly
known as doping, is detrimental to the mental and physical health of athletes and
violates the rules of ethical conduct. Th e prohibited agents include prohibited substances
and prohibited methods. For a substance or a method to be included on the Prohibited List
published by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) it has to meet at least two of the following
three criteria: it enhances sport performance, it represents an actual or potential health
risk to athlete or it violates the spirit of sport. Th e fi ght against doping has, for a long time,
been a strategic goal at both national and global level. Countries, the International Olympic
Committee, international sport federations, national sport associations and various government
and non-governmental organizations have been making considerable eff orts in creating
policies and strategies for the fi ght against doping in sport. In 1999 these eff orts resulted in
the establishment of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). Subsequently, many of the
national anti-doping agencies were founded. Croatian Anti-doping Agency (CROADA) was
founded in 2007 with the aim of promoting doping-free sport and protecting athletes from
adverse health eff ects.