Historical development and ethical considerations of vivisectionist and antivivisectionist movement
Keywords:vivisectionism, antivivisectionism, bioethics, utilitarianism, experimentalism
This review presents historical development and ethical considerations of vivisectionist and
antivivisectionist movement. In this respect it shows that both movements were not just
characteristic for the past one hundred years, but that they were present since the beginning
of medical development. It, thus, re-evaluates the accepted notions of the earlier authors. On
this track it suggests that neither movement was victorious in the end, as it could be seen from
the current regulations of animal experiments. Finally, it puts both movements into a wider
context by examining the connection between antivivisectionism and utilitarianism on the
one hand, and vivisectionism and experimentalism on the other hand.
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